Download Citation on ResearchGate | Content and Self-Knowledge | La these Pastist externalists (e.g., Boghossian ; Burge ) maintain that the past. Volume 17, Issue 1, Spring Philosophy of Mind. Paul A. Boghossian. Pages DOI: /philtopics Content and Self-Knowledge. Content and Self-Knowledge. Paul A. Boghossian University of Michigan. INTRODUCTION I. This paper argues that, given a certain apparently inevitable thesis.
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The compound H 2 O occurs nowhere on Twin Earth. CW If S is warranted in believing p and warranted in believing that p entails qthen S is warranted in believing q or is able to be thus warranted. Some incompatibilists indeed take the lesson of the reductio to be that SK is selt-knowledge see, e. After all, as one writer observes:.
Keith Butler – – Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 4: Moya – – In Maria J. So if III is assumed, it follows that the skeptic does not know from the armchair what thought is expressed by the consequent of IIhence, by II itself. Hence, when the skeptic levies the slow switch argument, his premises force him to say of himself:. The Metaphysics of Knowledge. Scepticism About Knowledge of Content.
Something important about armchair self-knowledge may be lost. Yet she can add that Oscar loses some memory content regardless, thanks to the slow switch.
But for one, infallibility does not imply that the judgment is indubitable. However, some externalists conjecture that there are other conditions under which the water concept can be acquired.
But E is an environmental condition that presumably can only be known empirically. But EXT is supposed to be more substantive than that. An incompatibilist might try to stipulate that Oscar meets all the conditions needed to know p on the basis of memory. Still, the idea is that 3 in some sense is presupposed, once the deduction gets started. Enhanced bibliography for this entry at PhilPaperswith links to its database.
The first is that, although the exact content of II may be unknown, the skeptic can still be justified in accepting II Brueckner confent. Even so, he sees no reason to surrender the warrant possessed by ordinary judgments about content.
Yet the objection may beg the question of how memory should function Ludlow Kripke and Evansch.
Paul A. Boghossian, Content and Self-Knowledge in Philosophy of Mind – PhilPapers
Besides Burge, self-verifying judgments were touted around the same time by Davidson ; and Heil ;though others obghossian subsequently embraced them as well e. The Metaphysics of Knowledge. And this kind of warrant exists only in ordinary cases. Nonetheless, all variations embody the same basic thought: But a relevant alternatives compatibilist might still rescue the Cartesian intuition.
Content and Self-Knowledge in Philosophy of Mind
As a satisficing approximation, [ 16 ] the transmission of warrant generally occurs iff:. Following Meditation Twoeven if an evil demon is deceiving me, it still seems Boghossina can know what I am currently thinking.
But since the latter is not knowable from the armchair, then it seems neither is the former LevineEllis Similarly, there may be a suspicion in W. It may be quite unintuitive to see memory in this way, and we ans attend to objections shortly. In brief, the new thought experiment suggests that under EXT, self-attributions of thought content are not sufficiently discriminating to vindicate SK.
Yet TW should be distinguished from epistemic closure, as discussed by some anti-skeptics e.
Externalism and Self-Knowledge
Ebbs,Debating Self-KnowledgeCambridge: Nevertheless, the skeptic could not justifiably claim that I – III figure into a sound cintent Ebbs This, then, vindicates a version of the reductio—for the intuition is that we cannot warrant apriori a claim about the world at all.
Many works cited and further readings are found in the anthologies above: How We Know Our Minds: QED Let us now consider some objections to transmission failure.
Suppose that Oscar has the concept of a sofa and knowledgeably applies the concept in a variety of cases. Thus possessing the concept requires the self-nkowledge of water, meaning that the view entails 1. Externalism about Memory 3. So the very act of judging W suffices to render the judgment sekf-knowledge. Sign in Create an account.
Expression and Self-KnowledgeOxford: On the current line, 1 can be known apriori if EXT is true though as we shall see, there are different ways to spin this.
A case can boghoswian made that the memory shifts indeed constitute forgetting Brueckner a. As a final thought, memory may ultimately be a red herring in defending incompatibilism.